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Amelanchier arborea

There are 16 species of Amelanchier in the world, most are in North America. The fruit ripens in June, is edible and an important food source for wildlife. This large shrub is also called Down Serviceberry because of the whitish downy hairs on the undersides of the leaves. Long ago it was named a 'Serviceberry' because it flowers in spring signaling the ground was ready to be dug for burials in northern climates. Yellow to red fall color.

USDA symbol: AMAR3

General Information

Plant TypeTree
Height15 feet
Light ExposureSun
Soil MoistureDry
Bloom ColorWhite
Juneberry (Juneberry<div><em class="small">Amelanchier arborea</em></div>)
Photo credit: Minnesota Wildflowers (Click to enlarge)


Flooding / Inundation ToleranceLow
General Resilience7
Salt ToleranceLow
Stress ToleranceFire Tolerant

Pollinator Value: Medium

Bloom MonthsMay
Larval Host ofBees
Specific Pollinators HostedAndrena melanochroa
Pollinator BenefitInsect Pollinated, Provides Nectar, Supports Generalists

Project Planning

Project TypeRain Garden, Restoration, Shoreline Buffer, Upland Buffer
Coefficient of Conservatism6
Herbivore SensitivityLow
Rate of SpreadMedium
Soil StabilizationDeep
Vegetative ReproductionClonal


CountyChisago, Cook, Goodhue, Koochiching, Lake, Pine, Washington
EcoregionDriftless Area, Lake Agassiz Plain, North Central Hardwood Forests, Northern Lakes and Forests, Northern Minnesota Wetlands, Western Cornbelt Plains
Approximate Eco ProvinceEastern Broadleaf Forest, Laurentian Mixed Forest, Prairie Parkland, Tallgrass Aspen Parklands