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Allegheny Serviceberry
Amelanchier laevis

Large, deciduous, multistem shrub or short tree with upright, undulating branches that is usually 20-30' tall. When planted in groups is suitable for wildlife habitat plantings, such as screens or hedges, and have shade and ornamental value. It also withstands wind and ice damage fairly well. Allegheny Serviceberry is a native tree for all seasons. In April and May it has beautiful white flowers that are delicately scented and provide nectar for the season's early bees and butterflies. In mid summer its fruits ripen to brilliant violet pink, aging to deep blue purple when fully ripe. Its leaves play occasional host to the larvae of viceroy, striped hairstreak, and Canadian tiger swallowtail butterflies. And the grand finale comes in fall with brilliant oranges, yellows and reds as the leaves prepare to drop. Amelanchier laevis is found in moist woods and meadows, but tolerates most any garden situation. It will bloom more in full sun, but have a more open and graceful habit in shade. It is drought tolerant once established, but will grow taller and faster in consistently moist soils. Amelanchier can be grown as a small tree pruned to become a densely branched shrub. Fragrant spring flowers Easy to grow and widely adaptable Edible berries in summer Gorgeous fall color.

USDA symbol: AMLA

General Information

Plant TypeTree
Height25 to 30 feet
Light ExposureSun, Part Sun
Soil MoistureDry
Bloom ColorWhite
Allegheny Serviceberry (Allegheny Serviceberry<div><em class="small">Amelanchier laevis</em></div>)
Photo credit: Minnesota Native Landscapes (Click to enlarge)


Flooding / Inundation ToleranceModerate
General Resilience7
Salt ToleranceLow
Stress ToleranceDrought Tolerant, Fire Tolerant

Pollinator Value: Medium

Bloom MonthsApril to May
Larval Host ofBees
Specific Pollinators HostedAndrena melanochroa
Pollinator BenefitInsect Pollinated, Provides Nectar, Supports Generalists

Project Planning

Project TypeRain Garden, Restoration, Shoreline Buffer, Upland Buffer
Coefficient of Conservatism8
Herbivore SensitivityMedium
Rate of SpreadSlow
Soil StabilizationDeep
Vegetative ReproductionClonal


CountyAitkin, Anoka, Becker, Carlton, Cass, Chisago, Clearwater, Cook, Crow Wing, Goodhue, Houston, Hubbard, Isanti, Itasca, Kandiyohi, Lake, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Olmsted, Pine, Ramsey, St. Louis, Todd, Wadena, Washington, Winona
EcoregionDriftless Area, Lake Agassiz Plain, North Central Hardwood Forests, Northern Lakes and Forests, Northern Minnesota Wetlands, Western Cornbelt Plains
Approximate Eco ProvinceEastern Broadleaf Forest, Laurentian Mixed Forest, Prairie Parkland, Tallgrass Aspen Parklands