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Angelica atropurpurea

A native perennial herb that can grow to 8' tall, this species is a member of the carrot family. This is a good species for wetland restoration (especially in calcareous situations, seeps and springs.) This species can be aggressive in some soils. With impressive stature, leaves that can reach two feet wide and large umbrella-like flower structure, this species has an imposing presence. It's not surprising that it has a long history of reputed medicinal and magical properties. Stately sentinels along stream beds, Angelica plants reach heights of six or more feet with hollow, smooth purple stems from one to two inches round. Angelica is calcareous and therefore needs an alkaline soil with a pH of 7 to 8.

USDA symbol: ANAT

General Information

Plant TypeForb
Height7 feet
Light ExposureSun, Part Sun
Soil MoistureMedium
Bloom ColorWhite
Angelica (Angelica<div><em class="small">Angelica atropurpurea</em></div>)
Photo credit: Metro Blooms (Click to enlarge)


Flooding / Inundation ToleranceModerate
General Resilience7
Salt ToleranceLow
Stress ToleranceGeneral Disturbance

Pollinator Value: Very High

Bloom MonthsMay to June
Larval Host ofMoths
Specific Pollinators HostedPapaipema harrisii
Pollinator BenefitInsect Pollinated, Provides Nectar, Supports Generalists

Project Planning

Project TypeRestoration, Sandy or Engineered Soils, Shoreline Buffer
Coefficient of Conservatism6
Herbivore SensitivityLow
Rate of SpreadSlow
Soil StabilizationShallow
Vegetative ReproductionAbsent


CountyChisago, Cook, Cottonwood, Dakota, Fillmore, Goodhue, Hennepin, Houston, Kandiyohi, Lake, Mower, Olmsted, Ramsey, Sherburne, Stearns, Wabasha, Washington, Winona, Wright
EcoregionDriftless Area, North Central Hardwood Forests, Northern Lakes and Forests, Western Cornbelt Plains
Approximate Eco ProvinceEastern Broadleaf Forest, Laurentian Mixed Forest, Prairie Parkland