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Marsh Marigold
Caltha palustris

With its early bloom, marsh marigold is a harbinger of spring. It is a native perennial herb that reaches a height of 1-2'. The main use of this plant is in wetland/stream restorations or rehabilitation, especially in wet meadows, marsh/bog areas, or areas associated with peaty ground and some flowing water. This species can be successfully planted on any wet ground, although it prefers swamp and peatlands. Marsh marigold may not do well in nutrient-poor soils.

USDA symbol: CAPA5

General Information

Plant TypeForb
Height1 to 2 feet
Light ExposureSun, Part Sun, Shade
Soil MoistureMedium
Bloom ColorYellow
Marsh Marigold (Marsh Marigold<div><em class="small">Caltha palustris</em></div>)
Photo credit: CC W. Bulach (Click to enlarge)


Flooding / Inundation ToleranceModerate
General Resilience6
Salt ToleranceLow
Stress ToleranceDrought Tolerant, General Disturbance, High Iron

Pollinator Value: High

Bloom MonthsMay to June
Pollinator BenefitInsect Pollinated, Provides Nectar, Supports Generalists

Project Planning

Project TypeRestoration, Shoreline Buffer
Coefficient of Conservatism6
Herbivore SensitivityLow
Rate of SpreadSlow
Soil StabilizationShallow
Vegetative ReproductionClonal


CountyAitkin, Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, Benton, Blue Earth, Brown, Carlton, Carver, Cass, Chisago, Clay, Clearwater, Cook, Cottonwood, Crow Wing, Dakota, Dodge, Douglas, Fillmore, Freeborn, Goodhue, Hennepin, Houston, Hubbard, Isanti, Itasca, Kandiyohi, Kittson, Koochiching, Lake, Lake of the Woods, Le Sueur, Mahnomen, Marshall, Martin, Meeker, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Mower, Nicollet, Norman, Olmsted, Otter Tail, Pine, Polk, Pope, Ramsey, Redwood, Renville, Rice, Roseau, Sherburne, Sibley, St. Louis, Stearns, Steele, Todd, Traverse, Wabasha, Wadena, Washington, Wilkin, Winona, Wright, Yellow Medicine
EcoregionDriftless Area, Lake Agassiz Plain, North Central Hardwood Forests, Northern Glaciated Plains, Northern Lakes and Forests, Northern Minnesota Wetlands, Western Cornbelt Plains
Approximate Eco ProvinceEastern Broadleaf Forest, Laurentian Mixed Forest, Prairie Parkland, Tallgrass Aspen Parklands