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Soft Rush
Juncus effusus

A densely clumped, emergent, perennial herb. This attractive, evergreen plant is a good contrast plant. It is used in vegetated swales, shorelines, restorations of wet meadows, marches and thickets. It has been used successfully in rain water gardens.

USDA symbol: JUEF

General Information

Plant TypeGrass
Height3 feet
Light ExposureSun, Part Sun
Soil MoistureMedium
Bloom ColorGreen, Brown
Soft Rush (Soft Rush<div><em class="small">Juncus effusus</em></div>)
Photo credit: United States Department of Agriculture (Click to enlarge)


Flooding / Inundation ToleranceHigh
General Resilience7
Salt ToleranceLow
Stress ToleranceDrought Tolerant, Fire Tolerant

Pollinator Value: Low

Bloom MonthsJune to July

Project Planning

Project TypeBoulevard, Rain Garden, Restoration, Sandy or Engineered Soils, Shoreline Buffer
Coefficient of Conservatism3
Herbivore SensitivityHigh
Rate of SpreadSlow
Soil StabilizationDeep
Vegetative ReproductionClonal


CountyAitkin, Carlton, Cass, Chisago, Cook, Crow Wing, Dakota, Hennepin, Houston, Kanabec, Koochiching, Lake, Lake of the Woods, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Pine, Ramsey, Saint Louis, Sherburne, Washington, Winona
EcoregionDriftless Area, Lake Agassiz Plain, North Central Hardwood Forests, Northern Lakes and Forests, Northern Minnesota Wetlands, Western Cornbelt Plains
Approximate Eco ProvinceEastern Broadleaf Forest, Laurentian Mixed Forest, Prairie Parkland, Tallgrass Aspen Parklands