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Wild Lily-of-the-Valley
Maianthemum canadense

Wind Lily-of-the-Valley or Canada Mayflower is a woodland spring wildflower that grows in colonies. In the fall it produces red berries that are eaten by birds and small mammals.

USDA symbol: MACA4

General Information

Plant TypeForb
Height6 inches
Light ExposurePart Sun, Shade
Soil MoistureMedium
Bloom ColorWhite
Wild Lily-of-the-Valley (Wild Lily-of-the-Valley<div><em class="small">Maianthemum canadense</em></div>)
Photo credit: United States Department of Agriculture (Click to enlarge)


Flooding / Inundation ToleranceLow
General Resilience7
Salt ToleranceMedium
Stress ToleranceAcidic Conditions

Pollinator Value: Low

Bloom MonthsMay to July
Pollinator BenefitInsect Pollinated, Provides Nectar, Supports Generalists

Project Planning

Project TypeRain Garden
Coefficient of Conservatism6
Herbivore SensitivityHigh
Rate of SpreadMedium
Soil StabilizationShallow
Vegetative ReproductionClonal


CountyAitkin, Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, Benton, Blue Earth, Carlton, Carver, Cass, Chisago, Clay, Clearwater, Cook, Cottonwood, Crow Wing, Dakota, Dodge, Fillmore, Goodhue, Hennepin, Houston, Hubbard, Isanti, Itasca, Kandiyohi, Kittson, Koochiching, Lake, Lake of the Woods, Mahnomen, Marshall, McLeod, Meeker, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Mower, Norman, Olmsted, Otter Tail, Pennington, Pine, Polk, Pope, Ramsey, Red Lake, Rice, Roseau, Sherburne, St. Louis, Stearns, Steele, Todd, Traverse, Wabasha, Wadena, Waseca, Washington, Winona, Wright
EcoregionDriftless Area, Lake Agassiz Plain, North Central Hardwood Forests, Northern Glaciated Plains, Northern Lakes and Forests, Northern Minnesota Wetlands, Western Cornbelt Plains
Approximate Eco ProvinceEastern Broadleaf Forest, Laurentian Mixed Forest, Prairie Parkland, Tallgrass Aspen Parklands