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White Spruce
Picea glauca

White Spruce is a slow-growing conifer that can be found in upland forests of central and northern Minnesota. This species can live to be centuries old and has relatively few pests.

USDA symbol: PIGL

General Information

Plant TypeTree
Height80 to 100 feet
Light ExposureSun, Part Sun
Soil MoistureDry, Medium
Bloom ColorYellow, Purple, Brown
White Spruce (White Spruce<div><em class="small">Picea glauca</em></div>)
Photo credit: Minnesota Wildflowers (Click to enlarge)


Flooding / Inundation ToleranceLow
General Resilience7
Salt ToleranceMedium
Stress ToleranceDrought Tolerant

Pollinator Value: Medium

Bloom MonthsMay to June
Larval Host ofMoths
Specific Pollinators HostedZeiraphera canadensis

Project Planning

Project TypeErosion Control, Restoration
Coefficient of Conservatism6
Herbivore SensitivityLow
Rate of SpreadSlow
Soil StabilizationDeep
Vegetative ReproductionAbsent


CountyAitkin, Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, Carlton, Cass, Clearwater, Cook, Crow Wing, Douglas, Hubbard, Isanti, Itasca, Kandiyohi, Kittson, Koochiching, Lake, Lake of the Woods, Mahnomen, Marshall, Morrison, Norman, Otter Tail, Pine, Roseau, St. Louis, Todd, Wadena
EcoregionDriftless Area, Lake Agassiz Plain, North Central Hardwood Forests, Northern Lakes and Forests, Northern Minnesota Wetlands
Approximate Eco ProvinceEastern Broadleaf Forest, Laurentian Mixed Forest, Tallgrass Aspen Parklands