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Red Oak
Quercus rubra

a.k.a. Northern Red Oak

Large, deciduous, spreading tree, with rounded crown and stout, spreading branches, up to 80' tall. In the urban environment, it is most suited as a shade and street tree, especially since it is one of the more rapid growing oaks. It transplants easily and is hardy under city conditions. Of all the oaks, northern red oak has the most beautiful red fall color, which persists into winter. Its acorns are a major wildlife attraction. it is used in rehabilitation and restoration sites.

USDA symbol: QURU

General Information

Plant TypeTree
Height70 to 80 feet
Light ExposureSun, Part Sun
Soil MoistureDry, Medium
Bloom ColorYellow
Red Oak (Red Oak<div><em class="small">Quercus rubra</em></div>)
Photo credit: Minnesota Wildflowers (Click to enlarge)


Flooding / Inundation ToleranceModerate
General Resilience7
Salt ToleranceMedium

Pollinator Value: Medium

Bloom MonthsApril to May
Larval Host ofButterflies
Specific Pollinators HostedErynnis brizo, Erynnis horatius, Erynnis juvenalis

Project Planning

Project TypeErosion Control, Restoration, Upland Buffer
Coefficient of Conservatism6
Herbivore SensitivityHigh
Rate of SpreadSlow
Soil StabilizationDeep
Vegetative ReproductionClonal


CountyAitkin, Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, Benton, Blue Earth, Brown, Carlton, Carver, Cass, Chisago, Clay, Clearwater, Cottonwood, Crow Wing, Dakota, Dodge, Douglas, Faribault, Fillmore, Freeborn, Goodhue, Hennepin, Houston, Hubbard, Isanti, Itasca, Kandiyohi, Koochiching, Lake, Le Sueur, Mahnomen, McLeod, Meeker, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Mower, Nicollet, Olmsted, Otter Tail, Pine, Polk, Ramsey, Redwood, Renville, Rice, Sherburne, Sibley, St. Louis, Stearns, Steele, Todd, Wabasha, Wadena, Waseca, Washington, Winona, Wright
EcoregionDriftless Area, Lake Agassiz Plain, North Central Hardwood Forests, Northern Lakes and Forests, Northern Minnesota Wetlands, Western Cornbelt Plains
Approximate Eco ProvinceEastern Broadleaf Forest, Laurentian Mixed Forest, Prairie Parkland, Tallgrass Aspen Parklands