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Prairie Willow
Salix humilis

Prairie Willow is a native shrub that, unlike other willow species, can thrive in drier habitats. Its dense foliage provides cover for wildlife and bees love its spring-blooming flowers.

USDA symbol: SAHU2

General Information

Plant TypeShrub
Height8 feet
Light ExposureSun, Part Sun
Soil MoistureDry, Medium
Bloom ColorWhite
Prairie Willow (Prairie Willow<div><em class="small">Salix humilis</em></div>)
Photo credit: Minnesota Wildflowers (Click to enlarge)


Flooding / Inundation ToleranceLow
General Resilience7
Salt ToleranceLow
Stress ToleranceFire Tolerant

Pollinator Value: Very High

Bloom MonthsMarch to May
Larval Host ofBees, Butterflies
Specific Pollinators HostedNumerous bee species, Numerous butterfly species
Pollinator BenefitInsect Pollinated, Provides Nectar, Supports Generalists

Project Planning

Project TypeErosion Control, Rain Garden, Restoration, Shoreline Buffer
Coefficient of Conservatism8
Herbivore SensitivityMedium
Rate of SpreadMedium
Soil StabilizationShallow
Vegetative ReproductionClonal


CountyAitkin, Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, Benton, Brown, Carlton, Cass, Chisago, Clay, Clearwater, Cook, Crow Wing, Dakota, Dodge, Douglas, Faribault, Fillmore, Freeborn, Goodhue, Hennepin, Houston, Hubbard, Isanti, Itasca, Kandiyohi, Kittson, Koochiching, Lake, Lake of the Woods, Mahnomen, McLeod, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Mower, Norman, Olmsted, Otter Tail, Pine, Polk, Pope, Ramsey, Renville, Rice, Roseau, Sherburne, Sibley, St. Louis, Stearns, Steele, Todd, Wabasha, Wadena, Waseca, Washington, Watonwan, Winona, Wright
EcoregionDriftless Area, Lake Agassiz Plain, North Central Hardwood Forests, Northern Glaciated Plains, Northern Lakes and Forests, Northern Minnesota Wetlands, Western Cornbelt Plains
Approximate Eco ProvinceEastern Broadleaf Forest, Laurentian Mixed Forest, Prairie Parkland, Tallgrass Aspen Parklands