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Softstem Bulrush
Scirpus validus

a.k.a. Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani

A persistent, emergent, perennial herb, sometimes forming large colonies that may be intermixed with other emergent species. Because it dissipates wave energy, soft-stem bulrush is an excellent soil stabilizer for shores, stream banks and vegetated swales. It is recommended for lake, pond, stream, and wetland restorations and mitigation sites.

USDA symbol: SCTA2

General Information

Plant TypeGrass
Height6 feet
Light ExposureSun
Soil MoistureWet
Bloom ColorOrange, Green, Brown
Softstem Bulrush (Softstem Bulrush<div><em class="small">Scirpus validus</em></div>)
Photo credit: United States Department of Agriculture (Click to enlarge)


Flooding / Inundation ToleranceVery High
General Resilience7
Salt ToleranceMedium

Pollinator Value: None Known

Bloom MonthsJuly to September

Project Planning

Project TypeBoulevard, Erosion Control, Restoration, Shoreline Buffer
Coefficient of Conservatism4
Herbivore SensitivityMedium
Rate of SpreadFast
Soil StabilizationDeep


CountyAitkin, Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, Benton, Big Stone, Blue Earth, Brown, Carlton, Carver, Cass, Chippewa, Chisago, Clay, Clearwater, Cook, Cottonwood, Crow Wing, Dakota, Dodge, Douglas, Faribault, Fillmore, Freeborn, Goodhue, Grant, Hennepin, Houston, Hubbard, Isanti, Itasca, Jackson, Kanabec, Kandiyohi, Kittson, Koochiching, Lac qui Parle, Lake, Lake of the Woods, Le Sueur, Lincoln, Lyon, Mahnomen, Marshall, Martin, McLeod, Meeker, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Mower, Murray, Nicollet, Nobles, Norman, Olmsted, Otter Tail, Pennington, Pine, Pipestone, Polk, Pope, Ramsey, Redwood, Renville, Rice, Rock, Roseau, Scott, Sherburne, Sibley, St. Louis, Stearns, Steele, Stevens, Swift, Todd, Traverse, Wabasha, Wadena, Waseca, Washington, Watonwan, Wilkin, Winona, Wright, Yellow Medicine
EcoregionDriftless Area, Lake Agassiz Plain, North Central Hardwood Forests, Northern Glaciated Plains, Northern Lakes and Forests, Northern Minnesota Wetlands, Western Cornbelt Plains
Approximate Eco ProvinceEastern Broadleaf Forest, Laurentian Mixed Forest, Prairie Parkland, Tallgrass Aspen Parklands