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Zig Zag Goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis

Zig Zag Goldenrod gets its name from the way that its stems 'zig zag' from leaf to leaf. These leaves are bluntly toothed all along the stem with the middle leaves usually the largest at 6 inches long and 4 inches wide. The small flowers appear from late summer to early fall in a cluster near the top of the plant. Zig Zag Goldenrod can be aggressive and therefore may not be suitable for small woodland gardens.

USDA symbol: SOFL2

General Information

Plant TypeForb
Height3 feet
Light ExposurePart Sun, Shade
Soil MoistureDry, Medium
Bloom ColorYellow
Zig Zag Goldenrod (Zig Zag Goldenrod<div><em class="small">Solidago flexicaulis</em></div>)
Photo credit: Minnesota Wildflowers (Click to enlarge)


Flooding / Inundation ToleranceLow
General Resilience8
Salt ToleranceLow
Stress ToleranceDrought Tolerant, Fire Tolerant, General Disturbance

Pollinator Value: Very High

Bloom MonthsAugust to October
Larval Host ofBees, Moths
Specific Pollinators HostedCucullia convexipennis, Dichomeris bilbella, Gnorimoschema gallaeasterella, Numerous bee species
Pollinator BenefitInsect Pollinated, Provides Nectar, Stem Nesting, Supports Generalists

Project Planning

Project TypeRain Garden, Restoration, Sandy or Engineered Soils, Shoreline Buffer, Upland Buffer
Coefficient of Conservatism7
Herbivore SensitivityLow
Rate of SpreadMedium
Soil StabilizationShallow
Vegetative ReproductionClonal


CountyAitkin, Anoka, Becker, Big Stone, Brown, Carlton, Carver, Cass, Chippewa, Chisago, Clay, Clearwater, Cottonwood, Crow Wing, Dakota, Dodge, Douglas, Faribault, Fillmore, Freeborn, Goodhue, Hennepin, Houston, Itasca, Jackson, Kandiyohi, Lake, Le Sueur, Lincoln, Lyon, Mahnomen, Martin, Meeker, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Mower, Murray, Nicollet, Norman, Olmsted, Otter Tail, Pine, Polk, Pope, Ramsey, Redwood, Renville, Rice, Sibley, St. Louis, Stearns, Steele, Swift, Todd, Traverse, Wabasha, Wadena, Waseca, Washington, Wilkin, Winona, Wright
EcoregionDriftless Area, Lake Agassiz Plain, North Central Hardwood Forests, Northern Glaciated Plains, Northern Lakes and Forests, Northern Minnesota Wetlands, Western Cornbelt Plains
Approximate Eco ProvinceEastern Broadleaf Forest, Laurentian Mixed Forest, Prairie Parkland, Tallgrass Aspen Parklands