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Missouri Violet
Viola missouriensis

Missouri Violet spreads by rhizomes and can form colonies that give way to beautiful purple blooms in spring. Typically found in woodlands and thrives in well-drained soils.

USDA symbol: VIMI3

General Information

Plant TypeForb
Height3 to 6 inches
Light ExposurePart Sun, Shade
Soil MoistureMedium
Bloom ColorBlue
Missouri Violet (Missouri Violet<div><em class="small">Viola missouriensis</em></div>)
Photo credit: National Park Service (Click to enlarge)


Flooding / Inundation ToleranceLow
General Resilience6
Salt ToleranceMedium
Stress ToleranceAcidic Conditions

Pollinator Value: High

Bloom MonthsMay
Larval Host ofButterflies
Specific Pollinators HostedNumerous butterfly species
Pollinator BenefitInsect Pollinated, Provides Nectar, Supports Generalists

Project Planning

Project TypeRain Garden, Restoration
Coefficient of Conservatism3
Herbivore SensitivityLow
Rate of SpreadSlow
Soil StabilizationShallow
Vegetative ReproductionClonal


CountyBig Stone, Blue Earth, Brown, Dakota, Goodhue, Houston, Lake, Pipestone, Stearns, Swift, Wabasha, Washington, Watonwan, Winona
EcoregionDriftless Area, Northern Glaciated Plains, Western Cornbelt Plains
Approximate Eco ProvinceEastern Broadleaf Forest, Prairie Parkland