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Kalm's Brome
Bromus kalmii

a.k.a. Arctic Brome

Kalm’s Brome is a versatile clump-forming cool season grass that can do well in a variety of habitats and soil conditions. A native brome with attractive drooping seed heads.

USDA symbol: BRKA2

General Information

Plant TypeGrass
Height3 feet
Light ExposureSun
Soil MoistureDry
Bloom ColorGreen
Kalm's Brome (Kalm's Brome<div><em class="small">Bromus kalmii</em></div>)
Photo credit: Minnesota Native Landscapes (Click to enlarge)


Flooding / Inundation ToleranceModerate
General Resilience6
Salt ToleranceNone
Stress ToleranceDrought Tolerant, Fire Tolerant

Pollinator Value: Low

Bloom MonthsJuly to September

Project Planning

Project TypeBoulevard, Rain Garden, Shoreline Buffer
Coefficient of Conservatism8
Herbivore SensitivityLow
Rate of SpreadMedium
Soil StabilizationShallow
Vegetative ReproductionAbsent


CountyAnoka, Becker, Beltrami, Blue Earth, Carlton, Cass, Clay, Clearwater, Crow Wing, Dodge, Douglas, Fillmore, Goodhue, Hennepin, Houston, Hubbard, Itasca, Kandiyohi, Kittson, Koochiching, Lake, Le Sueur, Mahnomen, Marshall, McLeod, Meeker, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Norman, Olmsted, Otter Tail, Pennington, Pine, Polk, Pope, Ramsey, Red Lake, Rice, Roseau, Sherburne, St. Louis, Stearns, Steele, Wadena, Washington, Winona
EcoregionDriftless Area, Lake Agassiz Plain, North Central Hardwood Forests, Northern Glaciated Plains, Northern Lakes and Forests, Northern Minnesota Wetlands, Western Cornbelt Plains
Approximate Eco ProvinceEastern Broadleaf Forest, Laurentian Mixed Forest, Prairie Parkland, Tallgrass Aspen Parklands