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Joe-Pye Weed
Eupatorium maculatum

a.k.a. Eutrochium maculatum

Robust, native perennial herb, usually 1-3' tall with 1 to several stems. Used in restorations, vegetated swales, shorelines, lake edges, wet prairies and gardens. It is an attractive plant, well suited for the perennial garden, rainwater garden and landscape where height is allowed. It prefers calcareous and heavy soils and is usually a good addition to a prairie garden. This species may become aggressive, which may be preferable in some situations. Also, many cultivars or varieties are available, which may work in a landscape design but are not well suited to restorations.

USDA symbol: EUMA9

General Information

Plant TypeForb
Height5 to 6 feet
Light ExposureSun, Part Sun
Soil MoistureMedium
Bloom ColorPink
Joe-Pye Weed (Joe-Pye Weed<div><em class="small">Eupatorium maculatum</em></div>)
Photo credit: Minnesota Native Landscapes (Click to enlarge)


Flooding / Inundation ToleranceHigh
General Resilience8
Salt ToleranceLow
Stress ToleranceGeneral Disturbance

Pollinator Value: Very High

Bloom MonthsAugust to September
Larval Host ofMoths
Specific Pollinators HostedOidaematophorus eupatorii, Phragmatobia fulginosa, Schinia trifascia
Pollinator BenefitInsect Pollinated, Provides Nectar, Supports Generalists

Project Planning

Project TypeBoulevard, Erosion Control, Rain Garden, Restoration, Sandy or Engineered Soils, Shoreline Buffer
Herbivore SensitivityLow
Rate of SpreadSlow
Soil StabilizationShallow
Vegetative ReproductionClonal


CountyAitkin, Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, Benton, Big Stone, Blue Earth, Brown, Carlton, Carver, Cass, Chippewa, Chisago, Clay, Clearwater, Cook, Cottonwood, Crow Wing, Dakota, Dodge, Douglas, Fillmore, Goodhue, Grant, Hennepin, Houston, Hubbard, Isanti, Itasca, Jackson, Kanabec, Kandiyohi, Kittson, Koochiching, Lac qui Parle, Lake, Lake of the Woods, Le Sueur, Lincoln, Lyon, Mahnomen, Marshall, Martin, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Mower, Murray, Nicollet, Nobles, Norman, Olmsted, Otter Tail, Pennington, Pine, Pipestone, Polk, Pope, Ramsey, Red Lake, Redwood, Rice, Roseau, Scott, Sherburne, Sibley, St. Louis, Stearns, Steele, Stevens, Swift, Todd, Traverse, Wabasha, Wadena, Waseca, Washington, Wilkin, Winona, Wright, Yellow Medicine
EcoregionDriftless Area, Lake Agassiz Plain, North Central Hardwood Forests, Northern Glaciated Plains, Northern Lakes and Forests, Northern Minnesota Wetlands, Western Cornbelt Plains
Approximate Eco ProvinceEastern Broadleaf Forest, Laurentian Mixed Forest, Prairie Parkland, Tallgrass Aspen Parklands