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White Pine
Pinus strobus

a.k.a. Eastern White Pine

White pine is a long-lived evergreen that used to be abundant throughout Minnesota before it was overharvested in the 19th century. White Pine is a rapidly-growing tree that prefers acidic, well-drained soil.

USDA symbol: PIST

General Information

Plant TypeTree
Height120 to 150 feet
Light ExposureSun, Part Sun
Soil MoistureDry, Medium
Bloom ColorRed
White Pine (White Pine<div><em class="small">Pinus strobus</em></div>)
Photo credit: Minnesota Wildflowers (Click to enlarge)


Flooding / Inundation ToleranceModerate
General Resilience7
Salt ToleranceLow

Pollinator Value: Medium

Bloom MonthsMay to June
Larval Host ofButterflies
Specific Pollinators HostedCallophrys eryphon, Callophrys niphon

Project Planning

Project TypeErosion Control, Restoration
Coefficient of Conservatism5
Herbivore SensitivityMedium
Rate of SpreadMedium
Soil StabilizationDeep
Vegetative ReproductionAbsent


CountyAitkin, Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, Benton, Carlton, Cass, Chisago, Clearwater, Cook, Crow Wing, Dakota, Dodge, Fillmore, Goodhue, Houston, Hubbard, Isanti, Itasca, Kandiyohi, Koochiching, Lake, Lake of the Woods, Mahnomen, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Olmsted, Otter Tail, Pine, Polk, Ramsey, Roseau, St. Louis, Stearns, Todd, Wabasha, Wadena, Washington, Winona
EcoregionDriftless Area, Lake Agassiz Plain, North Central Hardwood Forests, Northern Lakes and Forests, Northern Minnesota Wetlands, Western Cornbelt Plains
Approximate Eco ProvinceEastern Broadleaf Forest, Laurentian Mixed Forest, Prairie Parkland, Tallgrass Aspen Parklands